I was trying to set up a new SharePoint 2013 instance. After I entered my database and service account information, I would receive an error page that pointed to the log file. Inside the log file was a message like this:
An exception of type System.InvalidOperationException was thrown. Additional exception information: An error occurred while getting information about the user SPFarm at server ScottServer.local: Access is denied
The problem was that I was logged into the machine as the local administrator. When I logged in with a domain account, all was well.