Canceling a JavaScript / jQuery AJAX call

Technically, it’s not really canceled. I just wanted to say that straight away.

I had two drop down lists, the first with departments, and the second with supervisors in those departments. Choosing a value in the first DLL would populate the second DDL as well as loading a bunch of data to display on the page. The second DDL was populated quickly, but the rest of the data could take a while longer to display, and I wanted the users to be able to cancel the long-running request to see the supervisor-specific data.

One problem was that if I selected a supervisor while the department data was still loading, the supervisor-specific data would load, but when the call to the department-wide data finally finished, it would overwrite the supervisor data.

I was using the jQuery “$.ajax” method to call a Web API method. I had tried using the abort() method of the XMLHttpRequest object, the underlying object of the AJAX request, when the second DDL was changed. This didn’t work – the department data was still overwriting the supervisor data – so I had to get hacking.

Here is my solution. I created a variable called “processingRequest”. When the loadData function (which pulled the data from Web API) is started, the variable is set to “true”.  When the request completes, either successfully or it fails, the variable is set to false. Short-running requests will complete before any long-running requests, thus setting the “processingRequest” variable to false. When the long-running requests finished, it will see that the “processingRequest” variable isn’t true, and not perform the page update.

var processingRequest = false;
function loadData(supervisor, dept) {
    var theData = {
        'Supervisor': supervisor,
        'Dept': dept
    processingRequest = true;
    var jqxhr = $.ajax({
        method: 'POST',
        contentType: 'application/json',
        url: uriToMyService,
        data: JSON.stringify(theData)
      .done(function (d) {
          if (processingRequest) {
              processingRequest = false;
      .fail(function (jqXHR, textStatus, errorThrown) {
          console.log('loadData error: ' + errorThrown);
          processingRequest = false;

As I said in the beginning of the post, the request is not canceled, but the results of the request are never shown to the user.



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